An Evaluation of Environmental Contamination on Public Health: A Review of Air Pollution in Nigeria

Okoroafor, Okechukwu Ucheje *

Centre for Environmental Management and Green Energy, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Chiedozie, Francis Ikebude

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Numerous researchers have recognized environmental contamination as a potential danger to both the ecosystem and the general population's health. However, studies have shown that air pollution is a substantial contributor to a variety of respiratory conditions, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), shortness of breath, respiratory infections, and other similar conditions. To counteract this, however, the formulation and execution of public health policies might be of assistance in the fight against environmental pollution. In this study, the researchers investigated the ways in which air pollution, being a kind of environmental contamination, leads to problems in public health. In light of this, we reviewed the assessment of surveillance and monitoring, the consequences of human exposure to air pollution on public health, the influence of environmental pollution on social behaviors, as well as the ethical and legal implications of environmental contaminations. The study came to the conclusion that it is imperative to initiate possible action, since reducing the amount of air pollutants and chemicals in the environment may assist in avoiding further consequences of environmental degradation as well as limit the amount of harm done to human health. As a result, it is necessary to include monitoring of ambient PM2.5 and other air pollutants over a long length of time at a number of places that are typical of important metropolitan activities. These areas include trash dumps, transportation, and manufacturing facilities.

Keywords: Air pollution, environment, contamination, public health, exposure

How to Cite

Ucheje, Okoroafor, Okechukwu, and Chiedozie, Francis Ikebude. 2024. “An Evaluation of Environmental Contamination on Public Health: A Review of Air Pollution in Nigeria”. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports 26 (7):81-92.


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